# patterning

## Fairy and Elf Activities #6 for Boys and Girls: Fairy Math Fun and Play

Flat glass marbles, like these in a grown-up friend’s fairy garden, inspired some fairy math fun and play counting, grouping, and making patterns.

In the craft drawer,  we have a few of these smooth, sparkly glass circles left-over from another project. They make wonderful fairy rocks. Big Brother, who is just 4, likes to count. He counted these several times. Each time he counted he got a different number, because he skipped a number here and there.

Accurate counting comes from practice; just remembering all the numbers is quite a challenge, never mind getting them in the right order. He did touch each marble as he said a number, showing that he has figured out each number goes with one item. This one-to-one correspondence is the foundation for counting, that one number is connected to one thing. As we say more numbers, we mean more things.

While he was counting, Big Brother noticed there were different colors. He liked the green ones so he separated them from the light purple ones. Making groups is a powerful thinking skill. As we think, we organize and deal with information. Do you remember the movie, “Honey, I Shrunk the Kids?” Grouping or categorizing is like the movie; it shrinks information into smaller packages.

Making patterns is another way to shrink information. If the fairy rocks are in random order, it would be hard to remember the color of each one. If there is a pattern, such as purple rock – green rock, purple rock – green rock, it’s so much easier.

With the fairy rocks, I showed Big Brother a purple-green, purple-green pattern. He wasn’t interested in having a pattern. He just wanted the green ones. Again, patterning is a skill that kids develop from experience and practice. There will be other opportunities to show simple patterns until the brain makes the needed connections.

For most of this fairy math fun, Big Brother directed the play as he wanted.  He liked making a line and different shapes. After a while, he decided to do something different. We carefully put the fairy rocks away so Little Brother didn’t get them. Do you have any items that could be fairy rocks for some math fun and play?

For more fairy play activities, check the plays-of-the-day on the blog.

## New Year’s Resolution: PATTERNS Grow Thinking

Whether you do this resolution for just a few days or longer, patterns grow thinking. When we either look for patterns or make them, brains get a workout. Sometimes, bodies too.

Patterns can be pictures, sounds, words or other information that repeat in the same order. Songs each have a unique pattern. Every language will have particular ones too. Patterns can also be found in nature. This is a simple one: black/white, black/white.

Do you remember how exciting it was as a child to discover a shortcut? Actually, as adults it’s still a great feeling to find one. Well, that happens when the brain finds a pattern. A pattern is like a short-cut to figuring out information. Suddenly, instead of having to loop around, up, down, in and out, the brain hops onto the pattern-shortcut and can skip to the end.

Following, is part of some play time with train blocks. Little Sister and I have fun with patterns. The pattern makes the job easier. Being able to notice, figure out and make patterns is a powerful thinking strategy for kindergarten readiness and beyond.

When a 3-year old was playing trains, I lined up a few cars in a simple pattern: red-blue, red-blue. I said each color and pointed to the cars. I spoke to the train cars and told them they were making a pattern, first red then blue, then red and blue again. Then  I asked the child what color would come next and together we figured out a red one. The child was able to say blue would come after that but then playing changed to putting blocks on the cars.

Noticing and making patterns are skills that grow from experience and practice. One of children’s earliest experiences with patterns is learning how to crawl. First one hand and knee move, and then the others, over and over. Faces have a pattern, with two eyes on top and a nose in the middle. Parents and caregivers find life a lot easier when babies settle into a pattern of day and night.

Kids are able to accurately say what comes next in a pattern string before they create their own patterns. Some ways to include patterns in a day could be walking along in a pattern, such as walk, walk, walk, walk, jump. Discover patterns on clothes when helping kids get dressed; a shirt may have stripes in the same order. Find patterns inside on walls and floors. Look for some in nature too. Make a pattern at snack time on a plate and eat it up; slice of banana/slice of strawberry, slice of banana/slice of strawberry. Read a book with parts of the story repeated, like The Gingerbread Man. Talk a pattern outloud. For instance, when setting the table say plate/bowl/spoon, plate/bowl/spoon. You can get mixed up and say fork. Kids love to correct grownup mistakes.

Patterns grow thinking in other ways too. Sing lots of songs. The Wheels on the Bus has a different character or part of the bus each time but the same pattern. Make patterns when playing with toys. Color some with art tools. Together, you’ll be able to notice and make other patterns.

Patterns grow thinking strategies and skills. Just in case you think they are not important, stock traders invest time and money into predicting trends and businesses investigate patterns constantly. Patterns are powerful; can you and your child play with some today?

## Fall Patterning Math Activities and Play for Young Children

The seasons follow a pattern, our days follow a pattern, our bodies and brains do too, so our play of the day is fall patterning math activities for kids.

Please don’t let the word math scare you away or cause any anxiety. There are no numbers to multiply or divide or problems to solve. This could be called fall patterning art activity. Either way it involves being creative and predictable at the same time.

We found some plastic fall leaves, acorns, and pumpkins at a dollar store. They were small enough for little hands and colorful enough to be interesting. First, I began a very simple, basic pattern: red leaf/gold leaf, red leaf/gold leaf. I showed Little Sister what I was doing. Of course, she wanted to do it too. She kept adding to the pattern all across the counter and then down. In math, this is called an AB pattern.

When that pattern was done, I tried one more complicated using pairs: two pumpkins/two acorns, two pumpkins/two acorns. This is an AABB sequence, quite a bit more complicated. Little Sister looked at it but said it wasn’t a pattern. Her mind could see the simple one but wasn’t yet ready for something harder.

Why is noticing and making patterns an important skill? Patterns reduce the burden of information from enormous amounts to chunks. If you look at the photo above of the leaves, instead of remembering the color and placement of 24 leaves, Little Sister only had to remember 2. Once she had red leaf followed by gold leaf she knew all of the others. Math certainly has patterns, but so does language. Music is based on patterns and so is art. In the grownup world, the economy follows a seasonal pattern and business people examine information in detail looking for patterns.

You don’t need leaves, plastic or real for fall patterning math activities. Patterns can be made with anything, like forks and spoons when unloading the dishes, or with toys. Block/car, block/car, could be an AB pattern sequence or blue/green/pink, blue/green/pink made with shapes. Kids may do this on their own and they are often quicker to see a pattern than adults. Another word for a pattern sequence is a routine. Is play part of the pattern of your child’s day?

## #12 Making Patterns with Transportation Toys

When cars, trucks, trains and other toys are spread out on the floor one way to extend children’s play is making patterns with transportation toys. Little Sister was playing with her Duplo train and blocks. As she played, I lined up a few cars in a simple pattern of red/blue, red/blue and put some other … Continue reading #12 Making Patterns with Transportation Toys

## Bubble Activities #22: Bubble Wrap Math Patterns

Since we had out both the paints and the bubble wrap, we did some more painting and using different colors created bubble wrap math patterns.   Using 2 scrap blocks of wood about the size of Duplo blocks, I covered these with bubble wrap and stuck a push pin in to hold it together. Little … Continue reading Bubble Activities #22: Bubble Wrap Math Patterns

## Star Wars Math Counting and Patterning

Children’s play counts when it comes to early learning and development so an idea for a play-of-the-day is Star Wars math  counting and patterning. Not having Star Wars characters and toys isn’t even a problem. We have a few but not enough to count—pardon the pun—so instead we used some glow-in-the-dark stars that came from … Continue reading Star Wars Math Counting and Patterning

## Colors of Childhood: Making Color Patterns

At first, it doesn’t seem like colors can be part of math play but they are certainly can. Kids can use colors to explore making color patterns. Patterning is a terrific brain thinking strategy. It reduces a huge amount of information into a much smaller chunk. In this photo, a child has made a line … Continue reading Colors of Childhood: Making Color Patterns

## Off to School Toolbox: Patterning Skills

From the wolf in Little Red Riding Hood and other stories, kids hear about the advantage of a short-cut. Patterning skills are a short-cut for learning. Pattern recognition is the ability to see a pattern in a vast amount of information. Our homes have countless patterns in tiles on walls and floors, blankets, and dishes. … Continue reading Off to School Toolbox: Patterning Skills

## Math Fun Around the House: Laundry

Having some math fun around the house helps kids feel comfortable and confident with math. Did you know there are ways to have math fun with laundry? Besides all the time in the kitchen, laundry is a never ending task with kids. Unless you are very organized and already have a system the dirty clothes … Continue reading Math Fun Around the House: Laundry

## Apples Can Help With Patterning Skills

One of the basic learning skills for babies, toddlers, preschoolers, and kindergarten kids, is also one of the skills that helps adults be very successful at their jobs. What is it? It’s the skill of patterning. People who are very competent at what they do notice patterns and use them to the best advantage. Being … Continue reading Apples Can Help With Patterning Skills